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Group 4 (SEM 14)

Taniya Singh, Spencer Bokstein, Tristan Navikevicius, Cole Shennan and Michelle Tigere


[edit] Introduction

[edit] Globalization

Warsaw is the capital city of Poland with a population of about 1.717 million[1] people. According GaWC, the city is rated as an Alpha-[2], which is fourth highest rank available.

Warsaw financial district at night
Warsaw financial district at night[3]

[edit] Investments and economy

Poland is a semi-periphery country[4]. It is becoming more involved in the world economy and it is beginning to develop its own economy.[4] They also have one of the most important stock exchanges in Europe[5]. Many new companies, including Google[6] are investing in the city of Warsaw. There are however, many old factories that have shut down, and more government-owned facilities as well. Warsaw has one of the most high-tech industries in Poland[6], which should bring in more companies and people.

[edit] Research and Infrastructure

Warsaw is a high-tech city. The city has 75 universities, with about 250 000 students.[6] They also have many high-tech research firms from companies such as Samsung and 3M.[6] The city also contains two airports.[6]

[edit] Political Geography

Warsaw is Poland’s largest city and an economic, political, and cultural centre and has been the capital since 1913. Its central location allowed it to become the Capital of the Common Wealth after the King Sigismund III Vasa moved his court there. Warsaw was annexed by Russia but eventually regained independence within the newly founded state of Poland in 1918. The city of Warsaw has been frequently affected by war because it is an area of conflict because of flat terrain and the lack of natural barriers on the North European Plain. This is also ongoing issues as they have an influx of refugees from their neighbouring states of Belarus and Ukraine. After During WW2 Warsaw had large a Jewish population that went into hiding in the Warsaw Ghetto and as a result the city become a centre for Nazi Resistance. Warsaw was among the cities that were included in Hitlers 'Final Solution’. This has meant that there is a significant Jewish population within Warsaw even today with them making up the second highest religious and group with the city and country. Warsaw is a relatively newly built city because after WW2 almost 85% of the city was destroyed and had to be rebuilt. However Warsaw has developed into a global city that now boasts one of the largest Stock Exchange in Central Europe.

Poland has a constitutional system that is defined by its territorial government. The system of government of the Republic of Poland is based on the principle that there is separation and balance between legislative, executive and judicial powers. Legislative power is vested in the Sejm and the Senate, executive power is vested in the President of the Republic of Poland and the Council of Ministers and judicial power is vested in courts and tribunals.It also has administrative bodies that are borough leader, mayors and presidents of cities. They also have authorities of poviats ands authorities of viovodeships. Poland has a 3 level territorial division structure which consists of communes, districts and provinces. Warsaw is the biggest commune in Poland with the highest population.

[edit] Population

Warsaw, being the capital of Poland, has an estimated population of roughly 1,724,404 people growing at a rate of approximately only 25,000 people every 3 years[7].

[edit] Population Density

Map of the population density of Warsaw
Map of the population density of Warsaw[7]

The image above gives us an understanding of the most populated areas of Warsaw. As most big cities, the closer to the center holds the most population. As you move further away from the main core of the city and into the suburbs we see a less densely populated area. The darker red areas, or the inner city, holds roughly a population of 1,120,000 for the residents in Warsaw. The area of Mokotów, which is located just south of the inner city, holds the highest density of population at 219,373 residents[7]

[edit] Population Distribution

Each country has large expanses of land where people are absent or sparsely distributed[8]. As noted in 'Population Density', the main core of Poland's population resides in Warsaw. This is mainly because of the higher demand of jobs being in the urban city. With Warsaw, and Poland in general, coming out of being a communist country, we see an increase in city development. With the urbanization of the capital city also comes fourth the growth in headed offices and main distribution lines coming from Warsaw. This demand of work flowing through the city and apartment high rises being built causes a higher welcoming of the population to the inner city.

[edit] Future Population Growth

Today Warsaw is considered an Alpha– global city, a major international tourist destination and a significant cultural, political and economic hub[9]. Over the many years to come this is going to bring much large attention towards this capital city of Poland. Many industry leaders are branching out and are looking at using Warsaw as a many hub for many economic explorations and business growth. The Warsaw Stock Exchange is one of the most important and looked after stock exchanges in central Europe[10]. Over time this will bring very high volumes of traffic throughout Warsaw, growing its population but very large numbers.

[edit] Migration

Poland is becoming a destination country for migration, increasing temporary work migration, so-called circular migration.[11]

[edit] History

During the 14th century, Jews settled in Warsaw after the reign of King Kasimierz[12]. Around 2,519 Jews lived in Warsaw in 1765 and by 1792, the Jewish population nearly tripled to 6,750[12]. The population continued to grow in the 19th and 20th century due to mass migration of refugees that arrived in Warsaw during World War I[12]. The population increased by 41%, which was 343,400, and many Jews came from Lithuania, Belorussia and the Ukraine[12].

[edit] Emigration

Poland is regarded mainly as a country of emigration[11]. Because of its geographic location between Eastern and Western Europe, however, it increasingly serves as a transit country for migrants[11]. In the 1950s, majority of the people emigrated from Poland to the Federal Republic of Germany[11]. Between 1980 and 1989, an estimated 1.1 to 1.3 million Polish citizens were considered as long-term emigrants[11]. In 2006 emigration from Poland increased sharply whereas between 1990 and 2005 the number of emigrants was approximately 20,000 to 25,000 people per year, this number rose in 2006 to nearly 47,000 people (migration balance 2006: -36,100 people)[11]. In recent years, Poland's population has decreased due to an increase in emigration and a sharp decline in the birth rate[13]. Since Poland's accession to the European Union, a significant number of Poles have emigrated, primarily to the United Kingdom, Germany and Republic of Ireland in search of better work opportunities abroad[13].

Emigration pie chart
Emigration pie chart[11]

[edit] Immigration

Immigration is an issue that never ceases to surprise[14]. An increasing number of Europeans, especially from southern Europe, are moving to Warsaw and its surrounding areas in search of work[14]. This is a trend that has emerged since 2010, and it has now been confirmed by research, which has found that 600,000 immigrants are now resident in the once communist city[14]. There are also numerous immigrants from Vietnam and Armenia living in Warsaw[14]. Most of the immigrants came from Germany, but others came from the Netherlands, France, and even Scotland[15]. This was caused by offers to settle new lands in Russia[15]. Many of these immigrants had suffered economic losses or religious persecution in their homelands[15].

[edit] Why People Migrate

For young graduates, often with a Master’s degree, from Rome, Madrid, Athens or Porto, Warsaw offers the opportunity of finding the work they are qualified for[15]. And highly qualified people are also needed in the outsourcing sector, which is now one of the primary drivers of Poland’s economic success[15]. In addition to this, Poland seems to be developing into a destination country, primarily for migrants from neighboring countries on its eastern border (Ukraine, Belarus, Russia), and from other parts of the former Soviet Union[11]. This is predominantly due to the fact that, compared with other Central and Eastern European countries, Poland has been experiencing a period of comparatively rapid economic growth since the 1990s, first as a country associated with the European Union (EU), then as a candidate for accession, and now as a new EU member state[11]. This is what allows Warsaw to play a leading role in the battle to attract international talent.

[edit] How do Governments affect Migration

The control of immigration, legal and illegal, the granting of asylum to refugees, and the fate of cross-border refugees, permanent and temporary, are sensitive issues in countries around the world[16]. The government tries to restrict or encourage immigration.

[edit] Social Geography

(To be completed by Cole by December 1st)

[edit] Cultural Geography

"When we look across our backyards or down our streets, when we glance in the windows of businesses or wander different neighborhoods, we see the symbols and traditions of different ethnic and racial groups, religions, and cultures[17]. Through the many streets of the city and the long country roads of the suburbs, Warsaw is filled with great culture and architectural features.

[edit] Entertainment

With around 30 theatres and 60 cinemas, Warsaw is undoubtedly the cultural centre of Poland[18]. Warsaw is home to main different forms of cultural festivals as well, holding festivals such as Chopin, for the Jewish culture. Besides attending an evening movie or show at the theatre, or attending a cultural festival, Warsaw is also known for its "red light district" with housing over 1,500 Brothels in the nineties[19]. Since then Warsaw has begun to find its lost innocence and has cleaned itself up.

[edit] Fashion

A fashion show in Warsaw
A fashion show in Warsaw[20]

Warsaw's downtown core runs a very high style scene. If you don't dress in nothing short of your best it won't go unnoticed. Warsaw is also home to a number of high quality Polish brands like Reserved, Vistula and Tatuum, all of which you'll undoubtedly find in Warsaw's shopping centres like Zlote Tarasy and Arkadia[21]. Warsaw is also home to the annual Warsaw Fashion Street, which is an annual fashion show held in this capital city showcasing a number of Poland's top designers. This fashion show has brought quiet the name to itself, now having members of both Gucci and Louis Vuitton in attendance.

[edit] Architecture

Warsaw is home to some of the oldest architecture in central Europe. The rich colours and gothic style themes show the mix of many European styles. Although some of the oldest buildings can be found within the Warsaw quarters, there is very little to be appreciated. This is because of vast amount of damage caused during World War II, merely swept Warsaw clean of all its prized architecture. Because of this, Warsaw also has a strong mix of its newer modern style architecture in the core of this capital city. In post-war decades, in spite of insufficient funding, material shortages and substantial amount of red tape, many innovative and attractive structures were erected[22]. Some of Poland's finest statues and landmarks were able to be restored to its former glory and stand tall to this day.

[edit] Cuisine

Polish food can have the repertoire of having some pretty plain and basic food. Warsaw has brought and end to this and has a number of restaurants that are putting a twist on some traditional Polish foods. One of the most famous Polish cuisines would be the Pierogi. This dough based delicacy has been around since before the 1400's and can now be found with a number of different fillings.

Some that can be found in Warsaw are as follows:[23]

Ruskie (Russian) - The most popular and well-known, these are filled with potato and cheese and are an excellent place to start for the cautious.

Z Miesem (With meat) - Normally filled with beef or pork and tastiest when crispy. Often served with a cranberry sauce, this is the pierogi of choice for meat-lovers. Check first though as sometimes the meat is mixed with cabbage (kapusta), a big no-no for those that love their meat pure.

Z Kapusta (Cabbage) - Spend a couple of days in Poland and you'll soon see that, rain or shine, summer or winter, the Poles are mad about their cabbage; and so a trip won't be complete without sampling the number one ingredient with the number one dish.

Z Grzybami (Mushroom) - Often combined with cabbage, mushroom pierogi reflect the Poles' love for the mushroom, second only to cabbage on the list of field-grown favourites.

Leniwe (Lazy) - No filling whatsoever, hence the name. These are great for those looking for some no-frills, cheap as chips stodge.

[edit] Notes and References

  1. United Nations. (2012). UNdata | record view | City population by sex, city and city type. Retrieved from http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=POP&f=tableCode%3A240
  2. Loughborough University. (2012). GaWC - The World According to GaWC 2012. Retrieved from http://www.lboro.ac.uk/gawc/world2012t.html
  3. Kołakowski, R. (2013, June 21). [Nocna panorama ul. Emilii Plater z tarasu widokowego PKiN]. Retrieved from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Panorama_ul._Emilii_Plater_w_Warszawie_radek_ko%C5%82akowski.jpg
  4. 4.0 4.1 Fouberg, E. H., De, B. H., Murphy, A. B., & Nash, C. J. (2012). Human geography: People, place, and culture.
  5. Warsaw - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (2014, November 23). Retrieved November 25, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warsaw#Warsaw_Stock_Exchange
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 Borowicz, M. (2014, October 1). Why Warsaw? | Warszawa - oficjalny portal stolicy Polski. Retrieved from http://www.um.warszawa.pl/en/business-and-investments/article-business-and-investments/why-warsaw
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 http://www.citypopulation.de/php/poland-warsaw.php
  8. Fouberg, E. H., De, B. H., Murphy, A. B., & Nash, C. J. (2012). Human geography: People, place, and culture, p.91
  9. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warsaw#cite_note-euromonitor-12
  10. http://www.novinite.com/view_news.php?id=113177
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.8 Stefan Alscher. (2006). Poland. Retrieved from http://focus-migration.hwwi.de/Poland.2810.0.html?&L=1
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 Virtual Jewish World. (2013). Warsaw, Poland. Retrieved from http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/vjw/Warsaw.html
  13. 13.0 13.1 Wikipedia. Poland. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poland#Demographics
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 Terranova, G. (2013, April 24). Why are Europeans Moving to Poland? Retrieved from http://www.sharnoffsglobalviews.com/immigration-poland-017/
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 Family Search. (2013). Poland Emigration and Immigration. Retrieved from https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Poland_Emigration_and_Immigration
  16. De Blij, H. J., Fouberg, E. H., Murphy, A. B., and Nash, C. J., (2012, p.147), Human Geography: People, Place and Culture. Mississauga, ON: John Wiley and Sons Canada, Inc.
  17. Fouberg, E. H., De, B. H., Murphy, A. B., & Nash, C. J. (2012). Human geography: People, place, and culture, p. 215
  18. http://www.inyourpocket.com/poland/warsaw/concerts-culture-events-entertainment
  19. http://www.inyourpocket.com/poland/warsaw/bars-pubs-clubs/adultentertainment
  20. http://www.mmwarszawa.pl/450702/warsaw-fashion-street---moda-i-ekologia
  21. http://www.inyourpocket.com/poland/warsaw/shopping/Fashion
  22. http://www.warsawtour.pl/en/about-warsaw/architecture-3724.html
  23. http://www.local-life.com/warsaw/articles/polish-food
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