Frankfurt

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[edit] Willkommen to Frankfurt!

Project Team Members: Ema Sukanica, BritneyTakacs, Chris VanHaaren, Alida Tinling


[1]

Join us and see what Frankfurt has to offer!

Contents


[edit] Frankfurt - Introduction

Frankfurt am Main
Frankfurt am Main

Welcome to Frankfurt!

Frankfurt or Frankfurt am Main founded on June 1st, 1998; is most commonly known as the most international city in Germany. Frankfurt is the largest city in the German state of Hessen, making it the fifth-largest city in the country of Germany and the largest financial center on the continent. The financial center of the continent, the transport hub, and indulged in diverse and comprehensive culture; Frankfurt is a very intriguing and diverse city (1). The city being filled with thousands of both legal and illegal immigrants, surrounded by the European Central bank as being established in Frankfurt and being a large attraction and one of the world’s most important banks (7).
Frankfurt Symbol (20)
Frankfurt Symbol (20)

When looking into the policies and government aspect in Frankfurt; the “Magistrat” is what applies to the given city. The highest form of authority in the city, being the government makes decisions by making a majority rule based upon the 93 members whom in which are elected based on a 5-year terms (13). The discussion of Frankfurt’s human geography will be depicted through the analysis of globalization, political geography, population and demographics, migration, along with social and cultural geography. Frankfurt is a diverse and blooming city that has made an everlasting name for itself that continues to expand and grow yearly.

[edit] Where is Frankfurt

Map of Frankfurt (15)
Map of Frankfurt (15)
Frankfurt am Main is located in the south-west, or as it is commonly regarded, the geographical heart of Germany. Its population makes it the larger Rhine Main area with five million people is the strongest economic region in the country (15).Approximately one third of the population of Frankfurt am Main consists of geographical foreigener (49).

[edit] The Frankfurt Rhein-Main International Airport (FRA)

Frankfurth Airport (17)
Frankfurth Airport (17)

Frannkfurt's Rhein-Main International Airport (FRA) is the busiest in continental Europe. Virtually all intercontinental flights to Germany arrive here and many scheduled European flights as well. There are two train stations at the airport; S-Bhan and Fernbahnhof(15).


[edit] Location of Frankfurt Airport

Frankfurth Airport (18)
Frankfurth Airport (18)

Frankfurt Airport lies 12 km (7.5 mi) southwest of central Frankfurt,[3] near the Autobahn intersection Frankfurter Kreuz, where two of the most heavily used motorways in Europe (A3 and A5) meet. The airport ground, which forms a city district of Frankfurt named Frankfurt-Flughafen, is surrounded by the Frankfurt City Forest. The airport is centrally located in the Frankfurt/Rhine-Main region, Germany's second-largest metropolitan region, which itself has a central location in the densely populated region of the west-central European megalopolis. Thereby, along with a strong rail and motorway connection, the airport serves as a major transportation hub to the greater region, less than two hours by ground to Cologne, the Ruhr Area, and Stuttgart (16).

[edit] The Highrises

Highrises at night
Highrises at night

Frankfurt-on-the main (pronounced on 'mine') is unlike any other German city, bristling with jagged skyscrapers, 'Mainhanttan' is the focal point of conurbation with some 5 millions inhabitants. It is a true capital of finance and business home base for of one the world's largest stock exchange as well as the European Bank (11).

[edit] European Central Bank

European Central Bank (50)
European Central Bank (50)

The European Central Bank is the central bank for the euro and administers monetary policy of the Eurozone, which consists of 18 EU member states and is one of the largest currency areas in the world.(7)

It is one of the world's most important central banks and is one of the seven institutions of the European Union listed in the Treaty on European Union. The capital stock of the bank is owned by the central banks of all 28 EU member states.(7)

The Treaty of Amsterdam established the bank in 1998, and it is headquartered in Frankfurt, Germany. As of 2011 the President of the ECB is Mario Draghi, former governor of the Bank of Italy. The bank currently occupies the Eurotower while new headquarters are built. The owners and shareholders of the European Central Bank are the central banks of the 28 member states of the EU (7).

[edit] Globalization

The idea of globalization arises from political, social and economic implications and is an idea that is equally present everywhere around the world but varies in location. The point that they become global in scale as well as impact commonly knows globalization as the expansion of economic, political and cultural processes. The processes of globalization transcend state boundaries and have outcomes that vary across places and scales (10).

Frankfurt is extremely well known for their outstanding source of transportation consisting of their airport, that has four runways and is accessible to 265 non-stop destinations, their roads are constantly full of traffic and known as a traffic “hub” for the German motorway as well as their railway stations being the largest with traffic in all of Germany. The economy and business of Frankfurt is one of the most important and leading holders of finical centers in Germany. The stock exchange and fair trade centers are highly appreciated and talked about locations within Frankfurt as they bring in a high volume of immigrates and tourists to the city (2)

Frankfurt is one of Europe’s top company locations as it provides a central location, an accessible exporting and importing mechanism of having one of the largest airports in Europe and the head quarters of the European central bank. With this being said Frankfurt is home of many large head quarters and cooperation’s such as Nestle the world’s largest food company, Kia Motors as well as Fiat automobile companies, proving over 922 jobs per 1,000 inhabitants (22).

Frankfurt Globalization
Frankfurt Globalization
(19)

The EU continues to negotiate ambitious provisions to improve access to goods and services markets with several regions and countries including:

  • Mercosur
  • Gulf Cooperation Council
  • Canada
  • India
  • Morocco
  • Ukraine
  • Moldova
  • Georgia
  • Armenia
  • Malaysia

Europe is the world's largest trading block of manufactured goods and services and is the top trading partner for 80 countries. The EU is the most open to developing countries. Fuels excluded, Europe imports more from developing countries than the USA, Canada, Japan and China put together. Europe is the world's largest exporter of manufactured goods and services, and is itself the biggest export market for around 80 countries. Together, the European Union's 28 members account for 16% of world imports and exports (17).

Main commodities that Germany Exports

  • Machinery: $253,926,429,000
  • Vehicles excluding trains and streetcars: $250,946,878,000
  • Electronic equipment: $141,816,711,000
  • Pharmaceutical products: $74,318,113,000
  • Plastics: $67,990,424,000
  • Optical, technical and medical apparatus: $66,469,145,000
  • Aircraft, spacecraft and equipment: $46,315,038,000
  • Mineral fuels including oil: $45,724,470,000
  • Articles of iron or steel: $33,908,189,000
  • Organic chemicals: $33,406,511,000


Main commodities that Germany Imports

  • Machinery
  • Vehicles
  • Aircraft
  • Plastics
  • Crude Oil
  • Chemicals
  • Textiles
  • Metals
  • Clothing(19)

[edit] Political Geography

Frankfurt is found in the German state of Hesse, which has an area of 21,110 km2 (12). Frankfurt is an independent district-free city, which means that in the state of Hesse, it is not part of another general-purpose local government like a county (8). Because Frankfurt is an independent district-free city, its city limits has its own territorial sovereignty, meaning that its governing body has the right to govern itself without help or influence from any other government bodies (8).

[edit] The Magistrat

Römer (23)
Römer (23)

The city government of Frankfurt is called the Magistrat, which is the highest form of authority in the city. The government makes its decisions by making a majority rule (13). The city council is held in Frankfurt’s city hall, the Römer, which is 700 years old (13). There are 93 members in the Magistrat, all of whom are elected on 5-year terms (13). The members of the Magistrat consist of the mayor, the borough mayors, the treasurer, and the aldermen (13). All of the members of the Magistrat are elected by the city council, except for the mayor, whom is elected when his or her party holds the majority (13). The Conservative CDU currently holds the majority in the Magistrat (13). The leader of this party and the current mayor is Peter Feldmann (8).

[edit] Population

Population
Population

When studying Frankfurt’s population, it is important to look at it through the topics of demography and population geography. Demography is defined as the study of the characteristics of a population, which includes things such as race, age, sex, and ethnicity (10). Population geography is defined as the study of why populations have certain characteristics, such as why some ethnicities live there, and why they distribute themselves across space in particular ways (10). Frankfurt is a multicultural city that is home to many different groups of people who interact with the city in many different ways.

[edit] Demography

Frankfurt has a population of 687,775 in its administrative boundaries, while it has 2,500,000 in the urban area according to the 2012 census (8). This makes it the largest city in Hessen and the fifth largest city in Germany (13). The population is made up of 50.9% females and 49.1% males, with the average age being 40.5 (14). Frankfurt is home to people of over 180 nationalities, showing how multicultural it truly is (8). There are many immigrants that live in Frankfurt, with the majority of them coming from Turkey, Italy, Poland, Croatia, and Serbia (8). The highest number of immigrants come from Turkey, with the number reaching to 28,090 (8). The second highest number of immigrants come from Italy, with that number reaching 13,711 (8). This shows just how large the population of Turkish immigrants are compared to the rest of the immigrants. There are 46 city districts in Frankfurt, with the highest population coming from Bockenheim at 34,374 (8).

[edit] Population Geography

Frankfurt is home to many ethnicities for a variety of reasons. Before World War I, Frankfurt had a population of 414,576 residents (8). This population grew to 553,464 before World War II (8). By the end of World War II, the population had greatly dropped, as the population declined to 358,000 residents (8). Between the time period of then and 1963, the population again rose to 691,257 residents (8). This shows that the mentality during wars was to try and move somewhere safe, whereas the periods after wars show that people started moving back to their homes or to new places. Frankfurt is a major manufacturing, financial, commercial, and transportation centre, which is a big reason why many different people came to this city in search of jobs (13). Religion is also very diverse in Frankfurt, with 25% of the population being Catholic, while 23% is Protestant (8). There are also an estimated 7,300 Jews who are associated with Judaism in Frankfurt (8). All of these factors attribute to reasons why Frankfurt is such an ethnically diverse city.

[edit] Migration

The Romerberg (17)
The Romerberg (17)

[edit] Introduction

[edit] What is Migration

Frankfurt am Main, Germany (20)
Frankfurt am Main, Germany (20)

Migration is defined as a change in residence intented to be permanent. The process of migration involves the long-term location of an individual, household, or larger group to anew location outside the community of origin (10).

[edit] Why do People Migrate

Migration can be a voluntary action, a conscious decision to move from one place to another. It can also be an involuntary action, a forced movement imposed by one group of people on another group of people (10).

[edit] How do Governments Affect Migration

Governments usually attempt to regulate, organize, and at under specific circumstances may limit immigration. Across the globe, countries are responsible for controlling the immigration, legal and illegal, the granting of asylum to refugees, and the safety of cross-border refugees, permanent and temporary (10).

[edit] Diversity

The internationally-known “City of the Euro” has built a solid reputation on more than balancing its books. Frankfurt has played a pioneering role in developing and implementing the earliest integration policies In Germany (21).

In 2009 when the city decided it was time to review its 20-year old policies, its methods were equally forward-looking. The city launched its Diversity Moves Frankfurt (Vielfalt bewegt Frankfurt) campaign to canvas its citizenry about what integration meant to them. Recognizing that “every idea deserves a chance,” the campaign emphasized participation and welcomed a diversity of opinion as an expression of a healthy democracy that was essential to framing a common vision of the city’s future. The campaign was accompanied by a community participation process unprecedented in its scope. Its principal medium: the Internet. (21)

By the end of the consultation, over 47,000 people had participated in the process from a wide cross-section of Frankfurt society. A broader view of integration could now inform public discourse, including the idea that Frankfurt’s diversity was even more varied than once assumed (21).

[edit] Frankfurt, an ever changing city

The city of Frankfurt was the first city in Germany to grapple seriously with the issue of migrant integration in the 1980s. In 1989, it opened the Office of Multicultural Affairs (Amt für multikulturelle Angelegenheiten, AMKA), the first of its kind in the entire country. Controversial in the beginning, integration initiatives such as Mama lernt Deutsch – Papa auch (Mama learns German – even Papa!) are today regarded as exemplary at both national and international levels(21).

Frankfurt’s approach was a model of success. However, with a population that included international migrants from over 170 countries representing a percentage 37% with a migration background, by 2009 the levels of diversity in the city were far from the once-held image of a migrant population mainly from Turkey and Italy (21).

[edit] Social Geography

Restaurants and pubs on Alt-Sachsenhausen, Frankfurt (40)
Restaurants and pubs on Alt-Sachsenhausen, Frankfurt (40)

Frankfurt is commonly regarded as being a “compact city”. With it’s beautiful skyscrapers, old historic structures, local market, and modern shopping centers, which are all accessible through the intricate subway system or pedestrian walking paths (3). Making Frankfurt a very social and lively city. As Foubury, Murphy, De Blij, and Nash indicate, the social construct of a place is a combination of relationships and interacts with the objects within that place that form ones identity (27). One-third of its population is born outside of the city, making Frankfurt one of Germany’s most international cities (28).

[edit] Drinking Culture

Oktoberfest in Frankfurt, 2014  (48)
Oktoberfest in Frankfurt, 2014 (48)

Germany is one of the heaviest alcohol-drinking nations in Europe. Hosting one of the largest beer festivals in the world, “Oktoberfest”, which brings in thousands of tourists and citizens alike to have a drink and celebrate the native Bavarian culture (2) .The people of Frankfurt and other German cities openly celebrate this cultural staple (1). Consuming alcohol during the day, and or, in public is very much a social norm for the people of Frankfurt. The notion of social drinking is widely accepted as a customary tradition by the majority of citizens. It is this care-free attitude that attracts tourists from around the world (1). The legal drinking age for beer is only 16 years of age, and 18 for all other alcoholic beverages (1). Therefore, this custom is not only engraved in the social construct but it is also affirmed, and supported by their policy makers, as being an acceptable social act. Alte Sachsenhausen, is where you can find the largest concentration of local pubs and beer-gardens in Frankfurt. There you can sample the local tipple Ebbelwei or Apple Wine, which is said to be very popular among the tourists, as well as the locals (26) .

[edit] Gender Equality

The notion of gender differences can be felt in any place (27). However, Germany itself has earned a reputation for being extremely tolerant of differences, in comparison to other pats of the world. The concept of femininity and masculinity play a big role in the greater social construct of Frankfurt (27). Organizations such as, SAFE, have been put into place to ensure that the German Gender Equality Act, or the “Allgemeines Gleichstellungsgesetz” is being fairly practiced among all citizens. SAFE’s mandate is to ensure equal opportunities, and working conditions for all individuals. Currently, they are working in correlation with the local women’s networks to promote more females in higher paid positions within society (24).

[edit] Sexuality

Frankfurt Pride Parade, 2013 (25)
Frankfurt Pride Parade, 2013 (25)

Frankfurt stands out among many German cities due it’s diverse population, and it is because of their welcoming, and open-minded social construct, that the LGBTQ population is so well represented in the city (26). Frankfurt has become known for hosting one of the liveliest Pride Parades, which runs for 3-days through the city center. Filled with musical performances, and various live entertainments for the entire city to enjoy (25). Frankfurt is also home to one of the oldest continuously operating lesbian bars in the world, the La Gata, which has been open since 1971 (26).

[edit] Sports Crazed

Like many other European cities, Frankfurt is sports crazed. The Commerzbank is the cities arena, which is regarded as one of the nicest in Europe, is home to the local soccer team Eintracht. The club is more than 100 years-old, therefore has a long history of devoted local fans (36). The three main areas of interest are soccer, or as the Europeans refer to it, football, ice hockey and basketball (34). A proud moment in Frankfurt history was when the city was host to some of the games in the 2006 FIFA World Cup. This defiantly made an impact in the increasing the pride of the cities sports enthusiasts (34).

FIFA World Cup 2006 (37)
FIFA World Cup 2006 (37)

The ice hockey team, Frankfurt Lions, were also a well favoured team by the locals from 1994 until the dissolve of the team in 2010. However, this did not misconstrue the man Frankfurt hockey fans who still display their jerseys today in show of support for their local team (35). Also, there has been a recent rise in success of the local basketball players, the Deutsche Bank Skyliners. Many of the players have moved on to find success in the NBA, and elsewhere outside out of Germany (34). Lastly, Frankfurt is host to various sporting competitions such as the European Iron Man Competition, and the Frankfurt Marathon. In addition to several rowing, skating, and boating competitions help in the city annually (34).


[edit] Museum Landscape

Modern depiction of the Arcitecture Museum,Deutsches Architekturmuseum  (42)
Modern depiction of the Arcitecture Museum,Deutsches Architekturmuseum (42)

Frankfurt has one of the largest selections of museums, all found across the bridge in the Sachsenhausen neighbourhood. The largest museum of natural history in Germany, The Senckenberg Museum, showcases a vast rage of exhibits, from fossil of ancient amphibians, to the mummies of Egypt. However, the most well known attraction is the dinosaur skeleton exhibition. This exhibition is one of the largest in Europe.With thousands of artifacts on display for locals and tourists alike, this museum is definitely one of the many staples of the cities cultural context (43). The Deutsches Filmmuseum film museums, which is home to one of the finest collections of classical film and film culture. Is unique to the city and stands out among the array of Modern, and Classical Art History Meusums.

The Senckenberg Museum, Natural History Museum (44)
The Senckenberg Museum, Natural History Museum (44)

The Top 3 Mesumens to visit (41):

1. Deutsches Filmmuseum – Film Musemum

2. Deutsches Architekturmuseum - Arcitecture Museum

3. Museum für Angewandte Kunst – Art History Museum

[edit] Cultural Geography

Medieval Frankfurt am Main, 1612 (29)
Medieval Frankfurt am Main, 1612 (29)

[edit] Frankfurt am Main History

The picturesque German city dates back as early as 3000 BC, when it is said settlers began inhabiting the area (4). There has been royal hierarchy presence in the city since the year 794, and although the monarchy has long collapsed, it is very much still apart of the cultural construct for most of the people living in Frankfurt (4).

[edit] Free Imperial City

Imperial Artifacts Found at the Historisches Museum (39)
Imperial Artifacts Found at the Historisches Museum (39)

The first recorded documentation of the historic city is in the year 794, where a documented reference is made about the Franconvurt, or the City of Franks. In 1152, Fredrick Barbarossa was elected the King of Germany, with a seat in Frankfurt. By 1372, the city gains a temporary independence from the former imperial rulers . The city was dubbed a “Free Imperial City”, which was now self-governing within the German Empire, and only had to pay taxes to the Emperor and not the King anymore.

Fallowing this historical milestone for the city of Frankfurt, various town halls are reinstated, trade is increased in the city, and an imperial Court of Justice is established. By the end of the 1500’s, Frankfurt is already one of Germany’s wealthiest cities, in trade and in currency (38).

[edit] The People of Frankfurt

The city is home to thousands of legal, and illegal immigrants, who generally hold lower positions then the native German-speaking individuals (5). In addition, many individuals come to the city as “guest workers” during peek tourist seasons to make extra income to supplement the one they are receiving in their native countries. The local business owners depend on these “guest workers” for seasonal support and consequently, they have become a part of the cultural contract of many German cities, such as Frankfurt (5).

Post World War II, Frankfurt emerged as a thriving financial centre and business metropolis (6). At one of its peeks of economical success, it became home to the European Central Bank in 1998 (4). Frankfurt became known as a global player within the financial centers in Europe, which had huge benefits for its citizens (6).

[edit] Religious Diversity

Saint Paul's Church, Paulskirche  (45)
Saint Paul's Church, Paulskirche (45)

Frankfurt am Main is very much a cosmopolitan of various religions. Although the most prevalent religion practiced is Christianity, in a variety of different forms, the city has also had a strong Jewish community that dates back to pre-medieval period (38). It is reported that Frankfurt has been host to approximately 150 different religions from around the world, throughout the cities history (46).

One of the most well known places of worship is Saint Pauls’s Church, located within the city center. Established in 1833 as a Protestant church. Saint Paul's is significant for many reasons, one of the most interesting reasons is that it was home to the very first democratically elected Parliament in the year 1848. However, the parliament was dissolved during the chaos of the German revolutionary years from 1848-1849. The church was greatly damaged and even destroyed, but it was always quickly rebuilt by the people of Frankfurt am Main. It stands today, as s historical symbol of religious freedom and cultural expression (47).

[edit] Language

Frankfurt is known for having a specific dialect of the German language called Frankfurterisch, related to the Hessisch dialect. Frankfurterisch is unique to the cities locals, and sets them apart from the other German citizens. Due to the high volume of tourists circulating the city year round, English has become the second most comely spoken language of the cities business professionals, as well as by local population. Making it easy for the non-German speaking tourists to navigate through the busy city (31).

[edit] 'Tis The Season

Christmas market at night (30)
Christmas market at night (30)

The annual Frankfurt Christmas Market, which dates back to the late 1300’s, is a cultural staple for the locals, as well as a major tourist attraction. It is one of the largest Christmas Markets in Germany, and is therefore very significant to the local citizens. Located by Paulsplatz and the Römerberg in the city center, the Market can easily be located by the beautifully decorated Christmas tree, which stands as the epicenter of the market. Traditionally the market is an outlet for local artisan handcrafted goods such as, wooden wagons and other toys. Thus it became a common practice for the Frankfurt parents to buy an item from the market for their children for Christmas (32).

Traditional mulled wine served at the Christmas Market (33)
Traditional mulled wine served at the Christmas Market (33)

Another popular attraction, that is specific to the market is the Glühwein, or mulled wine. A traditional German recipe is used to produce the drink which consists of heated red wine, in combination with various spices. The product is a delicious hot drink that locals can enjoy while admiring the festive decorations, enjoying the traditional baked goods, or even while taking a ride on the merry-go-round (33).

[2]

[edit] Notes and References

1. http://www.dw.de/the-highs-and-lows-of-germanys-drinking-culture/a-2226609

2. http://www.oktoberfest-insider.com/oktoberfest-faq.htm

3. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/destinations/europe/germany/8773958/Frankfurt-Germany-a-cultural-city-guide.html

4. http://www.frankfurt.de/sixcms/detail.php?id=502642

5. http://eurofound.europa.eu/sites/default/files/ef_files/pubdocs/2009/493/en/1/EF09493EN.pdf

6. http://www.frankfurt.de/sixcms/detail.php?id=437170

7. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Central_Bank

8. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frankfurt

9. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fffxWcooQXI

10.Fouberg, Erin, Alexander B. Murphy, H. J. de Blij, Catherine J. Nash (2012) Human Geography: People, Place and Culture (Canadian Edition)Hoboken, NJ: Wiley and Sons.

11. Christiani, Di Duca, Haywood, Robinson, ver Berkmoes (2013), Germany, Lonely Planet Publications Pty Ltd.

12. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hesse

13. http://www.gmfus.org/doc/City%20profile%20-%20Frankfurt.pdf

14. http://www.urbistat.it/AdminStat/en/de/demografia/dati-sintesi/frankfurt-am-main/6412/3

15. http://eds.b.ebscohost.com

16. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frankfurt_Airport

17. http://www.bilderfotos.com/bild-frankfurt-airport-374.htm

18. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Frankfurt_Airport_Terminal_2.JPG

19. http://ec.europa.eu/trade/policy/eu-position-in-world-trade/

20. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_Germany

21. http://citiesofmigration.ca/good_idea/diversity-moves-frankfurt/

22. http://ec.europa.eu/trade/policy/eu-position-in-world-trade/

23. http://www.gothereguide.com/romer+frankfurt-place/

24. http://safe-frankfurt.de/about/gender-equality.html

25. http://www.gaywelcome.com/gay-events-detail/114/pride/frankfurt/frankfurt-csd-gay-pride.ph

26. http://www.lydiabigley.com/index.php/lesbianfrankfurt/

27. Fouberg, Erin, Alexander B. Murphy, H. J. de Blij, Catherine J. Nash (2012) Human Geography: People, Place and Culture (Canadian Edition)Hoboken, NJ: Wiley and Sons. pp. 189, 191,192.

28. http://www.frankfurt.de/sixcms/detail.php?id=stadtfrankfurt_eval01.c.317693.en&template=hp_flash

29. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Frankfurt_am_Main#mediaviewer/File:Mk_Frankfurt_Merian_Stadtansicht.jpg

30. http://studyinuk.universiablogs.net/2014/11/17/the-frankfurt-christmas-market/

31. http://www.expatfocus.com/expatriate-frankfurt-language

32. http://www.frankfurt-tourismus.de/cms/tourismussuite/en/events_trade_fairs_messe_frankfurt/christmas_market_frankfurt_xmas-2.html

33. http://www.globetrek.org/christmas-markets-in-germany/

34. http://www.tripadvisor.ca/Travel-g187337-s406/Frankfurt:Germany:Sports.And.Activities.html

35. http://www.hockeyarenas.com/frankfurtenglish.htm

36. http://www.commerzbank-arena.de/english/the-arena/history

37. http://www.logoguru.co.uk/blog/best-worst-fifa-world-cup-logos/

38. http://www.frankfurt-tourismus.de/cms/tourismussuite/en/tourist_information_frankfurt/frankfurt_city_history.html

39. http://www.tripadvisor.ca/Attraction_Review-g187337-d590892-Reviews-Historical_Museum_Historisches_Museum-Frankfurt_Hesse.html

40. http://www.cuboimages.it/preview.asp?filename=LOO063205.jpg

41. http://www.10best.com/destinations/germany/frankfurt/sachsenhausen/attractions/museum-fur-angewandte-kunst/

42. http://www.architekturarchive.de/?DEUTSCHES_ARCHITEKTURMUSEUM%2C_FRANKFURT_AM_MAIN

43. http://gogermany.about.com/od/sightsandattractions/tp/frankfurt_best_things_to_do.htm

44. http://davinaandstevan.com/?page_id=11

45. https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=MN4GgCUD8zY

46. http://www.frankfurt.de/sixcms/detail.php?id=7017&_ffmpar%5B_id_inhalt%5D=7846528

47. http://www.frankfurt.de/sixcms/detail.php?id=317578&_ffmpar%5B_id_inhalt%5D=5021017

48. http://www.stern.de/kultur/oktoberfest-2014-italiener-wochenende-ballermann-und-wiesn-mit-schlager-2141448.html

49. http://goeurope.about.com/od/frankfurt/p/frankfurt_info.htm

50. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/economics/11190185/Britains-banks-have-passed-the-European-tests-but-there-is-more-stress-to-come.html

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