Stockholm

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Contents

[edit] Introduction

This is the Coat of Arms for Stockholm, which represents St. Erik or Eric IX of Sweden. He is always depicted as a young man with long hair. the look changes from period to period based on the style at that period.
This is the Coat of Arms for Stockholm, which represents St. Erik or Eric IX of Sweden. He is always depicted as a young man with long hair. the look changes from period to period based on the style at that period. [1]

[2]


[edit] A Brief History of Stockholm

The name Stockholm was first mentioned in "The Chronicle of Eric" which was written roughly around 1322-1332 which refers to the town in between the bridges. Stockholm is located in Lake Mälaren and was founded by Birger Magnusson who was also known as Birger Jarl in 1252, as mentioned in The Chronicle of Eric. Stockholm was built and used for it's position as a water trade route. It was overcrowded and fires were prevalent. It wasn't until Gustav Vasa, or Gustav I of Sweden that made Sweden an independent monarchy and Stockholm the capital of that monarchy. It was officially recognized as the capital in 1634, over 70 years after his death.

[edit] Climate

The average daily high and low temperatures from Stockholm, from WeatherSpark
The average daily high and low temperatures from Stockholm, from WeatherSpark
Average precipitation in Stockholm from WeatherSpark
Average precipitation in Stockholm from WeatherSpark

The temperatures in Stockholm are rather mild with it averaging as -8°C to 23°C. The summer starts on May 28 to September 1 and has an average temperature above 18°C. the hottest day is July 30, with an average high of 23°C and low of 14°C. The winter lasts from December 3 to March 6 with an average temperature below 3°C. The coldest day is February 14, with an average low of -8°C and high of -1°C. The most common types of precipitation are light to moderate showers during the warm season and light to moderate snow in the cold season with a higher tendency towards thunderstorms then blizzards compared as extreme weather in both seasons. The daily hours of sunlight vary rather heavily between the seasons with the shortest day (December 21) having only 6 hours of sunlight (8:49 AM to 2:44 PM being the average latest sunrise and earliest sunset) while the longest day (June 20) having 18 hours and 45 minuites of sunlight (3:27 AM to 10:13 PM being the average earliest sunrise and latest sunset). That's over 12 hours of difference between the shortest and longest day.[3]


[edit] Globalization

[edit] Imports & Exports leading to Globalization

Although many of the direct imports and exports aren't shipped within Stockholm specifically, this doesn't eliminate the factor that these economical activities have on the city itself. Being a thriving city within the country of Sweden, Stockholm is a popular location for tourists, as well as residents. Sweden has generally pursued a free trade policy. The country is very dependent on foreign trade and this has been the driving force behind its development as an industrialized nation. [4] Despite the belief that Stockholm isn't a major contributor to Sweden's economy, every small economic change, whether it be good or bad, impacts the country as a whole.

[edit] Imports

Sweden imports mainly machinery, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, motor vehicles, iron and steel; foodstuffs and clothing. Its principal import partners are European Union countries (Germany, Denmark, Netherlands, Finland), Norway and China.[5] With Swedish automobile creator Volvo, it is a priority for Sweden to import various metals and machinery items in order to manufacture these products. Also, having IKEA as a major distributor of furniture and wooden products, Sweden imports various types of woods, in particular logs.
Logs on a near by harbour front located off the coast of Sweden's capital city; Stockholm
Logs on a near by harbour front located off the coast of Sweden's capital city; Stockholm[6]

The forest industry in Sweden imported about ten per cent of its wood material needs in 2013. Softwood log imports reached a ten-year high, while there has been a decline in the importation of hardwood logs. The major log suppliers to Sweden in 2013 were Latvia, Norway, Estonia and Finland. Sweden is the fourth largest importer of logs in the world, despite having forests that cover almost two-thirds of the country. The import volumes have been growing steadily the past five years, with 2013 imports being almost 60 per cent higher than five years ago. Softwood logs make up all of the increase in imports and 2013 had the highest softwood log import volume over the past ten years. In a contrary development, the importation of hardwood logs in 2013 declined, with import volumes being down about 16 per cent from the previous year. As a matter of fact, imports last year fell to the second lowest level in 15 years, with Latvia reducing shipments the most.[7]

Imports in Sweden increased to 103,300 SEK million in October of 2014 from 99,800 SEK million in September of 2014. Imports in Sweden averaged 31,623.56 SEK million from 1960 until 2014, reaching an all time high of 105,200 SEK million in March of 2011 and a record low of 1020 SEK million in July of 1960.[8]

[edit] Exports

The economy of Sweden is a developed export-oriented diverse economy aided by timber, hydropower, and iron ore. These constitute the resource base of an economy oriented toward foreign trade. The main industries include motor vehicles, telecommunications, pharmaceuticals, industrial machines, precision equipment, chemical goods, home goods and appliances, forestry, iron, and steel. Stockholm, being a major city in Sweden, thrives off of economic success within the country.[9]

Swedish Exported Goods from 2013
Swedish Exported Goods from 2013 [10]

Sweden is an export-oriented mixed economy featuring a modern distribution system, excellent internal and external communications, and a skilled labor force. Timber, hydropower and iron ore constitute the resource base of an economy heavily oriented toward foreign trade. Sweden's engineering sector accounts for 50% of output and exports. Telecommunications, the automotive industry and the pharmaceutical industries are also of great importance.[11]

The Swedish Krona (form of currency) is represented using the abbreviation "SEK." Exports in Sweden increased to 103,100 SEK million in October of 2014 from 101,200 SEK million in September of 2014. Exports in Sweden averaged 35,462.73 SEK million from 1960 until 2014, reaching an all time high of 112,900 SEK million in March of 2011 and a record low of 970 SEK million in February of 1963.[12]

[edit] Globalized Brands

[edit] Volvo

Volvo Car Sales from 2012
Volvo Car Sales from 2012 [13]

The Volvo Group (Swedish: Volvokoncernen) is a Swedish multinational manufacturing company headquartered in Gothenburg. Its principal activity is the production, distribution and sale of trucks, buses and construction equipment. Volvo also supplies marine and industrial drive systems and financial services. Stockholm is currently home to multiple Volvo dealerships, which assists in strengthening the economy within the city.[14]

Volvo was established in 1915 as a subsidiary of SKF, the ball bearing manufacturer, however the Volvo Group and Volvo Cars consider themselves to have been officially founded on 14 April 1927, when the first car, the Volvo ÖV 4 series, affectionately known as "Jakob", rolled out of the factory in Hisingen, Gothenburg. Volvo means "I roll" in Latin, conjugated from "volvere", in relation to ball bearings. The brand name Volvo was originally registered as a trademark in May 1911 with the intention to be used for a new series of SKF ball bearings. This idea was only used for a short period and SKF decided to simply use "SKF" as the trademark for all its bearing products.

Renault sold 14.9% of their stake in AB Volvo in October 2010 (comprising 14.9% of the share capital and 3.8% of the voting rights) for €3.02bn. This share sale left Renault with around 17.5% of Volvo's voting rights.[14] Renault sold their remaining shares in December 2012 (comprising 6.5% of the share capital and 17.2% of the voting rights at the time of transaction) for €1.6bn, leaving Swedish industrial investment group Aktiebolaget Industrivärden as the largest shareholder, with 6.2% of the share capital and 18.7% of the voting rights.[15]
Volvo Logo
Volvo Logo[16]


The main activity of the company is to own, maintain, protect and preserve the Volvo trademarks on behalf of its owners and to license these rights to its owners. The day-to-day work is focused upon maintaining the global portfolio of trademark registrations and to extend sufficiently the scope of the registered protection for the Volvo trademarks.[17]

Since the streamlining towards commercial vehicles was initiated more than ten years ago, the Volvo Group has significantly strengthened its positions outside the traditionally big markets of Western Europe and north America. Positions have been moved forward by acquisitions in primarily Asia and expansion of the distribution and service networks in for instance Eastern Europe and South America. In the year 2000, markets outside of Western Europe and north America accounted for 16% of Group sales. In 2012 that share had grown to 47%.[18]


[edit] IKEA

Ingvar Kamprad founded IKEA in 1943 as a mostly mail-order sales business. It began to sell furniture five years later. The first Möbel-IKÉA store was opened in Älmhult, Småland, in 1958, while the first stores outside Sweden were opened in Norway (1963) and Denmark (1969). The stores spread to other parts of Europe in the 1970s, with the first store outside Scandinavia opening in Switzerland (1973), followed by Germany (1974). The international retail company for furniture and household goods has its own reputation in international market for better, lower prices and freshly innovative designs.[19]

Originating in Sweden, IKEA has drastically expanded within a short period of time. The IKEA group of has 313 stores around in 38 countries most of them in Europe, North America, Asia and Australia. And IKEA is also known as the world’s largest furniture retailer, specializing in stylish and inexpensive designed furniture. IKEA had excellent supply chain management and latest IT infrastructure.
IKEA World Location Map from 2013
IKEA World Location Map from 2013 [20]
[21]

The main financial principle of the IKEA Group is to grow by using our own resources. In other words, we earn our money before we spend it. This makes it possible for us to make long-term investments for the future. The IKEA vision is the foundation for our growth. We want to make sure that IKEA is accessible, so that more people can create a better everyday life at home. We re-invest a majority of our profits in existing and new IKEA stores, as well as in product development, sustainable solutions and by continuously lowering prices to our customers.[22]

IKEA Logo.
IKEA Logo.[23]

Although IKEA household products and furniture are designed in Sweden, they are largely manufactured in developing countries to keep costs down. China accounts for 2½ times as much supply as Sweden. For most products, the final assembly is performed by the end-user (consumer). Swedwood, an IKEA subsidiary, handles production of all of the company's wood-based products, with the largest Swedwood factory located in Southern Poland. According to the subsidiary, over 16,000 employees across 50 sites in 10 countries manufacture the 100 million pieces of furniture that IKEA sells annually. IKEA furniture uses the hardwood alternative particle board and Hultsfred, a factory in southern Sweden, is the company's sole supplier [24]

[edit] Political Geography

Stockholm Municipality or the City of Stockholm (Swedish: Stockholms kommun or Stockholms stad) is a municipality in Stockholm County in east central Sweden. It is the largest of the 290 municipalities of the country in terms of population, but one of the smaller in terms of area, making it the most densely populated. It is also the most populous municipality in the Nordic countries.

In terms of population, Stockholm is the largest of the 290 municipalities within Sweden
In terms of population, Stockholm is the largest of the 290 municipalities within Sweden[25]

Although legally a municipality with the official proper name Stockholms kommun, the municipal assembly (kommunfullmäktige) has decided to use the name Stockholms stad (City of Stockholm in English) whenever possible. This is purely nominal and has no effect on the legal status of the municipality.

The municipality is governed by a Municipal assembly (kommunfullmäktige) with 101 members. These are elected through municipal elections, held in conjunction with the Parliamentary elections every four years. The council meets twice a month and the meetings are open to the public. The council elects a Municipal executive committee (kommunstyrelse), with 13 members representing both the political majority and the opposition, with the responsibility of implementing policies approved by the assembly. The political organisation also includes eight governing full-time Commissioners (borgarråd) and four Commissioners representing the opposition. The work is headed by the Commissioner of Finance (finansborgarråd, sometimes called Mayor), who also chairs the executive committee. The current Commissioner of Finance is Karin Wanngård, representing the Social democrats.

[edit] Government

Stockholm is the seat of the Government of Sweden and most government agencies, including the highest courts in the Judiciary, and the official residencies of the Swedish monarch and the Prime Minister. The Government has its seat in the Rosenbad building, the Riksdag is seated in the Parliament House, and the Prime Minister's residence is adjacent at the Sager House. The Stockholm Palace is the official residence and principal workplace of the Swedish monarch, while the Drottningholm Palace, a World Heritage Site on the outskirts of Stockholm, serves as the Royal Family's private residence.[26]

The Stockholm City Council essentially function as Stockholm's parliament. Its 101 councillors are appointed following general elections, held at the same time as the elections to the Riksdag and county councils. The Council convene twice every month at Stockholm City Hall, and the meetings are open to the public. The matters on which the councillors decide have generally already been drafted and discussed by various boards and committees. Once decisions are referred for practical implementation, the employees of the City administrations and companies take over.[27]

The Rosebud Government building located in the heart of Stockholm
The Rosebud Government building located in the heart of Stockholm[28]

The elected majority has a Mayor and eight Vice Mayors. The Mayor and each majority Vice Mayor is a head of a department, with responsibility for a particular area of operation, such as City Planning. The opposition also has four Vice Mayors, but they hold no executive power. Together the Mayor and the 12 Vice Mayors form the Council of Mayors, and they prepare matters for the City Executive Board. The Mayor holds a special position among the Vice Mayors, chairing both the Council of Mayors and the City Executive Board.[29]

The City Executive Board is elected by the City Council and can be thought of as the Government. The City Executive Board expresses an opinion in all matters decided by the Council and bears the overall responsibility for follow-up, evaluation and execution of its decisions. The Board is also responsible for financial administration and long-term development. The City Executive Board consists of 13 members, who represent both the majority and the opposition. Its meetings are not open to the public.[30]

Following the Stockholm municipal election, 2014 the city is run by a center-left majority and the Mayor of Stockholm is Karin Wanngard from the Social Democrats. [31]

[edit] District Councils

A map of Stockholm, highlighting the 14 district councils
A map of Stockholm, highlighting the 14 district councils[32]

The municipality is subdivided into 14 districts. These districts are sometimes incorrectly referred to as "boroughs" in English. They are, however, no legal entities or juristic persons of their own, but committees of the municipality itself.

These districts are administered by District Councils, stadsdelsnämnder, which carry responsibility for primary school, social, leisure and cultural services within their respective areas. The members of these councils are not directly elected by the inhabitants of the respective districts, but rather appointed by the kommunfullmäktige (municipal assembly).[33]

[edit] "Town Twinning" in Stockholm

"Twin towns" or "sister cities" are a form of legal and social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties. The modern concept of town twinning, conceived after the Second World War in 1947, was intended to foster friendship and understanding between different cultures and between former foes as an act of peace and reconciliation,and to encourage trade and tourism. In recent times, town twinning has increasingly been used to form strategic international business links between member cities.[34]

The policy of Stockholm is to have informal town twinning with all capitals of the world, its main focus being those in northern Europe. Stockholm does not sign any formal town twinning treaties, although the city claims to have established such treaties in the past which are still valid.[35]

The cities claiming to have been twinned with Stockholm are:

  1. Albania Tirana, Albania
  2. Poland Warsaw, Poland
  3. Ukraine Kiev, Ukraine
  4. Tunisia Tunis,Tunisia
  5. Colombia Cali, Colombia
  6. Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina (since 1997)
  7. Russia St. Petersburg, Russia (since 1992)
  8. Turkey Istanbul, Turkey
  9. Montenegro Podgorica, Montenegro
  10. Iceland Reykjavík, Iceland
  11. Latvia Riga, Latvia
  12. Morocco Khemisset, Morocco

[36]

[edit] Social Geography

Social Geography is social relations and identities, how they are produced and the role of space in constructing those identities and relations.[37] Social Geography examines the very fabric of social relationships and how they are influenced by where we live and who we meet. We can think about how individuals come to be grouped collectively as a social category of persons [38] and where those people feel their "sense of place". For example, you would find skateboarders at the skate-park and how they may be excluded from loitering at a nearby corner store or bank by local bylaws. We can examine how social processes organize people into social categories that are connected to particular spaces, both literally and in our imaginations.[39]These "processes" would be easily visable in the racial diversity of an area, the economy and the crime rate.

[edit] Employment

Sweden has among one of the European Unions’s lowest levels of debt, stable inflation and a well defined banking system and at the hub of all of that economic activity is Stockholm.[40]Stockholm County is the 8th out of the 10 largest GRP per capita of the 275 regions that exist and 72 percent higher GRP per capita than the average region in the European Union. From 200-2008, Stockholm's Gross Regional Product has risen by 35%. Stockholm has a higher entrepreneurship rate then Stockholm county and even all of Sweden. It has more businesses registered then businesses that have gone bankrupt, with 14,000 newly registered businesses and while bankruptcies decreased by 8% in 2011. In the last quarter of 2011, unemployment dropped to 3.6%. Stockholm has a superior economy compared to the rest of Sweden and the world [41]

[edit] Crime

The Homicide and Manslaughter rate in Stockholm from 1400-2000
The Homicide and Manslaughter rate in Stockholm from 1400-2000

Stockholm, Sweden has a low crime rate. The geographic locale and climate affect the crime right because crime seems to increase in the summer months when police have vacations, tourism, and residences and tourists are all outside enjoying outdoor activities. In May 2013, a few of the Stockholm suburbs were destroyed by riots, resulting in massive damage to property and violence directed toward the police and fire brigade. After a full two weeks of riots, a massive police effort and a huge mobilization from the civil society ended the unrest and re-establish order. Since May 2013, no new riots have been reported and the situation is now stabilized. [42]

[edit] Stockholm Syndrome

In 1973, Kreditbanken in Stockholm, Sweden had a bank robbery. The robber took 3 women and one man and held them hostage in the safe for roughly 4 days. After they were released, they started acting strangely. They had positive feelings for their captor and treated the police as their enemy. Nils Bejerot, the medical professer who was the psychiatric consultant during the robbery, coined the term "Norrmalmstorgssyndromet" to describe their behaviours but it became later known as Stockholm Syndrome. Not much is known about it since it would be rather unethical to test it. It seems to explain the behaviors of survivors of World War II concentration camps; members of religious cults; victims of spousal abuse; and physically or emotionally abused children as well as persons taken hostage by criminals or terrorists. The funny thing is, out of all documented hostage situations, 92% of the hostages did not develop any positive attitude toward their captors and negative attitudes toward their saviours. Three things have to occur for Stockholm syndrome to occur:

1. The situation lasts for more then a few days.

2. The hostage takers remain in constant contact with the hostages.

3. The hostage takers show kindness toward the hostages or try not to hurt them. If a hostage is harmed they will most likely feel anger towards their captors.

People who feel helpless in other life situations also seem to have a higher tendency of developing the syndrome if placed in a hostage situation. Stockholm Syndrome may just be a different version of PSTD (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder) since victims tend to have similar symptoms and are treated as such. [43]

[edit] Racial Diversity

Unfortunately, the Swedish government does not do ethno-graphic studies, so there is only a general statement of the ethnic diversity of Stockholm. In 2007, Stockholm had 26% of the population were not of Swedish decent, while Sweden itself had a non-Swedish population of 17%. In 2008, people who have immigrated to Sweden were 14% of the population while Stockholm had a foreign-born population of 20%. So, according to statistics, Stockholm is more racially diverse then Sweden itself.[44]

[edit] Age

The average age in Stockholm is 39.8 years, with having 40.5% of the population being between the ages of 20-44.

[edit] Cultural Geography

Distinctive cultural traditions, norms , and values are interwoven into place and have an impact on those of us who live in or experience those places.[45]Cultural Geography is the study of many cultural aspects, and how these aspects relate to the spaces and places where people first originate and then travel across various spaces. When studying cultural geography the main focus is on language, religion, economic and governmental structures, art and music. Landscapes are also important because it links cultural to the physical environment to where people live and travel to everyday.


[edit] Culture in Stockholm

[46]


Sometimes when you arrive at a destination the airports give you a wrong impression. Stockholm airport arrivals is lined with photographic portraits of famous Stockholmers with the line "Welcome to my hometown". The airport is its own cultural exhibit prevailed its cultural confidence that has its roots in the city’s role at the heart of the Swedish empire in the 17th century. Since the 17th century the city has developed a universal high degree of English language and an international outlook but has managed to keep a strong distinctive identity. [47] In 1998, Stockholm was named the European Culture Capital. Stockholm has a very active culture life, home to three World Heritage sites, Brika, Drottingham or the Woodland Cemetery also known as Skogskyrkogarden.

Drottingham Palace was built in the 16th century. This is the residence of the Swedish Royal Family
Drottingham Palace was built in the 16th century. This is the residence of the Swedish Royal Family
The Drottingham palace features salons from the 18th, and 19th century, a beautiful park, a palace theatre and a Chinese pavilion.The Theatre located in the palace is the best preserved theatre from the 18th century all around Europe. In 1981 the Drottingham Palace was the first Swedish attraction that was put on the UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites.
Skogskyrkogarden
Skogskyrkogarden
[48]


The Woodland Cemetary is a UNESCO's World Heritage site since 1994. The cemetery was a result of a very unique collaboration with two of Sweden's most famous architects, Erik Gunnar Asplund and Sigurd Lewerentz.

Stockholm's architecture is a testament to the city's imperial history that Second World War neutrality preserved. It's also a living museum constantly renewed by the way ordinary people live in it. In the summer time everyone is enjoying the outdoors, most people are viewing the beautiful city hall and the boats and trees of one of the worlds most beautiful harbours, all from the waterfront in Kungholmen. In the winters, individuals attend favourite restaurant of the culture crowd, the Pelikan, this restaurant provides a image of Stockholm in the old days, with a beer cafe on every corner. [49]

[edit] Cultural Landscape

Unlike many cities, Stockholm has been able to retain its natural and cultural landscape.
two water ways Lake Malaren, and the Baltic Sea contribute to Stockholm’s character, along with the green open land areas all over the city. A historic landscapre in Stockholms inner city was designated a National City Park. This area Is beautiful, with natural, cultural and recreational values and is as large as the inner city park is the most frequented natural and cultural landscapes in Sweden. The sea water is so clean that invididuals fish and swim in the middle of the city. Stockholms land area is 1/3 urban 1/3 water, and 1/3 green space. Not one Stockholmer lives farther than a 5 to 10 minute walk form the 12 acre park. [50]

[edit] Museums & Art Galleries

Stockholm is home to many famous museums. More modern elements of this culture include beautiful glass art, but also includes traditional and ancient cultural elements as well.

The National Museum
The National Museum
The Swedish National Museum, is the national gallery of Sweden, located in Stockholm. This museum has over 16,000 paintings, and is home to about art spanning the Middle Ages to 1900, and features an important 18th century Dutch and Flemmish collection, including Rembrandt, Ruben, and Frans Hals and Elder. Also a collection of porcelain objects, paintings, sculptures and modern art. [51] The Hallwyl House is a historical building in Centeral Stockholm, it is one of Stockholm's most eccentric and engaging museums. [52]
HallwylHouse
HallwylHouse
Nordiska Museet
Nordiska Museet

The Nordiska Museet is Sweden's largest museum of cultural history, located in central Stockholm. It displays the cultural history of Sweden from the 16th century until today. The museum shows exhibits from the home like furniture, clothes, house hold-objects and many other things reflecting back to a 500 year period. The main hall is dominated by an enormous sculpture by King Gustav Vasa, the founder of Sweden. [53] The Thielska Galleriet opened in 1926, and is one of the most exclusive art and sculpture museums in Sweden. The gallery houses a unique collection of works of art from the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries by leading artists of the period including Eugène Jansson, Carl Larsson, Bruno Liljefors, Edvard Munch, August Strindberg and Anders Zorn. [54]


[edit] Religion

Religion The main religion in Stockholm is Lutheran Christinanity, with 66% of the swedish citizens being the members of the Church of Sweden. Most of the population attended this church because those who had family members in this church automatically became members at birth. Other religions include Catholicism and Eastern orthodoxy. Islam is the second largest religion in Sweden. Stockholm has many religious meeting places for different religions and faiths in Stockholm.

  1. Karme Tenpe Gyaltsen
  2. The English Church
  3. St.Eugenia's Catholic Parish
  4. Deutsche St.Gertruds Gemeinde
  5. Immanuel International Church
  6. The International Church of Stockholm
  7. Stockholm Mosque



[edit] Media and Sports

Being the media centre in Sweden. Stockholm has four newspapers that are nation-wide and daily. This city also is home to major TV and Radio stations in Sweden. Major magazines are also located in Stockholm along with the largest literature publisher, the 'Bonnier' group.
Friends arena, the new football stadium
Friends arena, the new football stadium

The most popular sports in Stockholm are football and hockey. The most popular football teams are AIK, Hammerby IF, and Djurgardens IF. The city was the host of the 1912 winter olympics and has hosted all but one of the Nordiac games that pre-dated the winter olympics. [55]

[edit] Language

Swedish is the official language in Stockholm. Swedish is a North Germanic language language and is quite similar to other Scandinavian languages such as Danish and Norwegian. With having Arabic slowly making its way towards becoming Sweden's de-facto second language. However, Arabic isn't an official language, Yiddish is. According to the language council there are over 200 languages spoken across Sweden. The Swedish language is always an official language in Finland. These individual are identified as "Swedish-speaking Finns". This language is also known to ethnic Swedes living outside of Sweden, for example there is over half a million people living in the United States who carried on the Swedish language. [56]

[edit] Population

The Demographics of Stockholm
The Demographics of Stockholm

As of 2014, the population of Stockholm is estimated at 897,000. Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and accounts for 22% of the country’s population.[57] The measurement of population density, the calculation of the number of people per given unit of land is 4,700 people per square kilometer.[58] Recorded in 2012, the number of foreign born in Stockholm was 201,821. Finns were comprised of the largest group followed by Iraqis, then Iranians.[59] The City of Stockholm or Stockholms stad as it is known, is located in eastern part of Sweden. There are 290 municipalities in the country. Out of all the municipalities, Stockholm is the largest in population. Due to the area being smaller it is more densely populated. [60] According to an annual account of the people of Stockholm, residents ages 65 or older comprise 14,3% of the population, residents aged 0-15 are 17,7%, the average age at birth of the first child is 31,3. [61] More than half of the population live in single-person-households.[62]


[edit] Population migration

Demographic trends: One of the demographic trends in Stockholm is an increase in population due to an increase in migration as well as an increase in people born in Stockholm. In 2010, 14,000 immigrants moving to Sweden chose to settle in Stockholm. [63] The most common cause of the increase in migration is families entering the country to join their family members, some arrived as refugees. This is apparent in not only Stockholm, but in Sweden as a whole. [64] An increase in migration of asylum seekers went up by half in 2012. In some areas there is a concern about unemployment due to the increase in immigrants. [65] Immigration affects factors such as health care, education and employment in Stockholm. Issues in health care include meeting any mental health needs that may have been a result of the process of leaving the country of origin. Education is affected because there will be an increase in the number of students who attend school. Employment is affected because of the lack of experience or qualifications.[66] [67]

[edit] Notes and References

  1. Heraldry of the World. Retrieved December 5, 2014 from http://www.ngw.nl/int/zwe/s/stockhol.htm
  2. 90 Seconds in: Stockholm. Retrieved November 22, 2014 from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=itMCHzdg9_A
  3. Average Weather For Stockholm, Sweden. Retrieved December 5, 2014 from https://weatherspark.com/averages/28951/Stockholm-Sweden
  4. Economic Profile. Retrieved December 7 from http://www.tradecommissioner.gc.ca/eng/document.jsp?did=61418&cid=11H&oid=109
  5. Trading Economics 2014. Retrieved December 6 from http://www.tradingeconomics.com/sweden/imports
  6. http://www.baltic-course.com/eng/good_for_business/?doc=90259
  7. Sweden Imports a 10 Year High 2014. Retrieved December 7 from http://www.woodbusiness.ca/industry-news/swedish-imports-at-10-year-high
  8. Trading Economics 2014. Retrieved December 6 from http://www.tradingeconomics.com/sweden/imports
  9. Economy of Sweden. Retrieved December 7 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Sweden
  10. http://www.business-sweden.se/Global/Files/Statistics/Export%20Statistics_2011_Business%20Sweden.pdf
  11. Trading Economics. Retrieved from December 7 from http://www.tradingeconomics.com/sweden/exports
  12. Trading Economics. Retrieved from December 7 from http://www.tradingeconomics.com/sweden/exports
  13. http://www3.volvo.com/investors/finrep/ar12/ar_2012_eng.pdf
  14. Volvo Wikipedia. Retrieved December 7 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volvo#Business.
  15. Volvo Wikipedia 2014. Retrieved December 7 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volvo
  16. http://www.logodesignlove.com/images/car/volvo-logo.jpg
  17. Volvo Wikipedia 2014. Retrieved December 7 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volvo
  18. Volvo Annual Results 2012. Retrieved December 7 from http://www3.volvo.com/investors/finrep/ar12/ar_2012_eng.pdf
  19. IKEA History Wikipedia. Retrieved December 7 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IKEA
  20. http://www.innovativesweden.co.id/images/images_partners/at-a-glance.jpg
  21. IKEA Business Globalization 2013. Retrieved December 7 from http://www.ikea.com/ms/en_CA/about-the-ikea-group/company-information/index.html
  22. IKEA Business Globalization 2013. Retrieved December 7 from http://www.ikea.com/ms/en_CA/about-the-ikea-group/company-information/index.html
  23. Retrieved December 7 from http://pittsburghtweetup.com/who-we-worked-with/ikea-logo/
  24. IKEA History Wikipedia. Retrieved December 7 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IKEA
  25. http://blog.radissonblu.com/visit-abba-museum-stockholm/
  26. Stockholm Wikipedia. Retrieved December 10 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stockholm
  27. Stockholm Wikipedia. Retrieved December 10 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stockholm
  28. http://www.government.se/sb/d/6961
  29. Stockholm Wikipedia. Retrieved December 10 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stockholm
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